Month: February 2017

3 Levels and 3 Profiles of Technical Writing

If you are wondering what levels one can expect to reach in a technical writing career, here are 3 profiles just to give you a rough idea.

Please don’t forget that this is just an approximate picture and does not mean that you have to go through each level in exactly the same manner.

You may perhaps start off from the Intermediate level if you are bringing with you a strong background in software skills and job experience.

Or who knows, you might reach a senior level within just 5 years? That’s certainly possible too.

Individual cases always vary. But I believe what follows is still a useful general picture in terms of presenting you an overall survey of the technical writing landscape and providing some general benchmarks. They are not based on any scientific study but on my personal experience of over 10 years as a technical writer.

Please let me know if you’d have any questions about these career profiles.

Profile 1: Junior-Level Technical Writer

Time on job: 0-5 years

Job skills:

  • Writing interface documentation including user guides, installation guides, quick reference guides, release notes, help files.
  • No supervisory or management skills.
  • Optional: graphic and illustration skills.

Software skills:

  • Microsoft Office Suite
  • Optional: FrameMaker (Unstructured)
  • Optional: Photoshop
  • Optional: Illustrator
  • Optional: Help file editor (RoboHelp, Flare, Quadralay, DoctoHelp, etc.)
  • Optional: Version control software (MS Source Safe, etc.)

Profile 2: Intermediate-Level Technical Writer

Time on job: 5-10 years

Job skills:

  • Writing and editing interface and procedural documentation including user guides, installation guides, quick reference guides, release notes, system configuration guides, help files.
  • Single-sourcing and structured authoring.
  • Graphic, illustration, print-page and web design skills.
  • Assisting projects as lead-writer and supervising one or more junior writers.
  • Optional: simple document and web site localization and translation skills.
  • Optional: publishing articles in popular professional periodicals like STC’s Intercom.
  • Optional: serving as a Juror in professional technical communication competitions.

Software skills:

  • Microsoft Office Suite
  • FrameMaker (Unstructured and Structured)
  • Photoshop
  • Illustrator
  • Help file editor (RoboHelp, Flare, Quadralay, DoctoHelp, etc.)
  • Version control software (MS Source Safe, etc.)
  • Optional: Advanced version and content management software (Agile, etc.)
  • Optional: Dreamweaver and/or HTML coding

Profile 3: Senior-Level Technical Writer

Time on job: Over 10 years

Job skills:

  • Writing and editing interface and procedural documentation including user guides, installation guides, quick reference guides, release notes, system configuration guides, help files, API guides.
  • Single-sourcing and structured authoring including DITA structuring and database publishing.
  • Graphic, illustration, print-page and web design skills.
  • Leading projects as lead-writer and supervising one or more junior and senior writers.
  • Advanced print and online documentation project localization skills.
  • Publishing articles in peer-reviewed professional periodicals like STC’s Technical Communication.
  • Optional: serving as a Lead Juror in professional technical communication competitions.

Software skills:

  • Microsoft Office Suite
  • FrameMaker (Unstructured and Structured)
  • Photoshop
  • Illustrator
  • Help file editor (RoboHelp, Flare, Quadralay, DoctoHelp, etc.)
  • Version control software (MS Source Safe, etc.)
  • Optional: Advanced version and content management software (Agile, etc.)
  • Optional: Dreamweaver and/or HTML coding
  • Optional: XML Editor (FrameMaker, Arbortext, Oxygen, etc.)
  • Optional: Database Publishing editor (TEX, PatternStream, etc.)

Source by Ugur Akinci

Public Speaking – Opening Your Speech to Catch the Audience’s Attention

The opening and the closing are the two most important elements of a speech. You should spend the majority of your time writing and rehearsing these two components.

There are three primary objectives to any opening. Firstly, you must grab the audience’s attention. The second objective is to give the audience an idea of what you will be speaking about. Finally, the opening also sets the tone for the speech.

Here a few secrets for brainstorming a memorable opening:

1. Some speakers like to start by posting an interesting question to the audience. The reason why this type of opener works is that it forces the members in the audience to come up with an answer. Eg. – “What is the leading cause of death among teenagers?

2. Another tactic to use is an outrageous or challenging statement to grab attention. An example might be: “Your grandchildren may never see an elephant due to poachers that threaten extinction all in the name of ivory tasks.”

3. You may also look to bridge the opening of your speech by relating something personal to the event. Short Personal Stories work best.

4. Arouse curiosity in the audience. Here is an example from Steve Jobs (founder of Apple) during a commencement speech he gave in 2005: “I dropped out of Reed College after the first 6 months, but then stayed around as a drop-in for another 18 months or so before I really quit. So why did I drop out?” This intro makes you curious to learn “why did he drop out of college?”

5. Quotations are often used to open speeches. It is not important that the quotation be famous but rather that the quotation used is relevant. I remember one example when a presenter discussing labor arbitration opened with this quotation by Benjamin Franklin: “A countryman between two lawyers is like a fish between two cats.”

How NOT to Open a Speech

1. Don’t tell a story or a joke that has nothing to do with the speech topic.

2. Don’t try to be funny. There are a dozen easier ways to seize attention.

3. Don’t apologize – eg. “I’m not much of a public speaker but I’ll give it a shot anyway…”

Source by Alexander Thornton

3 Levels and 3 Profiles of Technical Writing

If you are wondering what levels one can expect to reach in a technical writing career, here are 3 profiles just to give you a rough idea.

Please don’t forget that this is just an approximate picture and does not mean that you have to go through each level in exactly the same manner.

You may perhaps start off from the Intermediate level if you are bringing with you a strong background in software skills and job experience.

Or who knows, you might reach a senior level within just 5 years? That’s certainly possible too.

Individual cases always vary. But I believe what follows is still a useful general picture in terms of presenting you an overall survey of the technical writing landscape and providing some general benchmarks. They are not based on any scientific study but on my personal experience of over 10 years as a technical writer.

Please let me know if you’d have any questions about these career profiles.

Profile 1: Junior-Level Technical Writer

Time on job: 0-5 years

Job skills:

  • Writing interface documentation including user guides, installation guides, quick reference guides, release notes, help files.
  • No supervisory or management skills.
  • Optional: graphic and illustration skills.

Software skills:

  • Microsoft Office Suite
  • Optional: FrameMaker (Unstructured)
  • Optional: Photoshop
  • Optional: Illustrator
  • Optional: Help file editor (RoboHelp, Flare, Quadralay, DoctoHelp, etc.)
  • Optional: Version control software (MS Source Safe, etc.)

Profile 2: Intermediate-Level Technical Writer

Time on job: 5-10 years

Job skills:

  • Writing and editing interface and procedural documentation including user guides, installation guides, quick reference guides, release notes, system configuration guides, help files.
  • Single-sourcing and structured authoring.
  • Graphic, illustration, print-page and web design skills.
  • Assisting projects as lead-writer and supervising one or more junior writers.
  • Optional: simple document and web site localization and translation skills.
  • Optional: publishing articles in popular professional periodicals like STC’s Intercom.
  • Optional: serving as a Juror in professional technical communication competitions.

Software skills:

  • Microsoft Office Suite
  • FrameMaker (Unstructured and Structured)
  • Photoshop
  • Illustrator
  • Help file editor (RoboHelp, Flare, Quadralay, DoctoHelp, etc.)
  • Version control software (MS Source Safe, etc.)
  • Optional: Advanced version and content management software (Agile, etc.)
  • Optional: Dreamweaver and/or HTML coding

Profile 3: Senior-Level Technical Writer

Time on job: Over 10 years

Job skills:

  • Writing and editing interface and procedural documentation including user guides, installation guides, quick reference guides, release notes, system configuration guides, help files, API guides.
  • Single-sourcing and structured authoring including DITA structuring and database publishing.
  • Graphic, illustration, print-page and web design skills.
  • Leading projects as lead-writer and supervising one or more junior and senior writers.
  • Advanced print and online documentation project localization skills.
  • Publishing articles in peer-reviewed professional periodicals like STC’s Technical Communication.
  • Optional: serving as a Lead Juror in professional technical communication competitions.

Software skills:

  • Microsoft Office Suite
  • FrameMaker (Unstructured and Structured)
  • Photoshop
  • Illustrator
  • Help file editor (RoboHelp, Flare, Quadralay, DoctoHelp, etc.)
  • Version control software (MS Source Safe, etc.)
  • Optional: Advanced version and content management software (Agile, etc.)
  • Optional: Dreamweaver and/or HTML coding
  • Optional: XML Editor (FrameMaker, Arbortext, Oxygen, etc.)
  • Optional: Database Publishing editor (TEX, PatternStream, etc.)

Source by Ugur Akinci

Features vs. Benefits vs. End Results

If you’ve been in the copywriting realm for very long at all, you’ve heard the phrase “features vs. benefits.” It’s a fundamental copywriting principle and driving force behind much of what we, as copywriters, create. But there’s also another aspect to this equation.

What happens after customers buy your product or service? Once they’ve used what you have to offer, what will be different in their lives? What will the end results, of their buying decision, be? Getting your customers to look at the end results of their actions can be an extremely powerful persuasion tool that you’ll want to incorporate into your copy.

Let’s look at features, benefits and end results and see how all three work individually and collectively to create a targeted push to the point of purchase.

Features – The Basic Outline of Your Product or Service

Features, in copywriting, are a starting point. They provide a basic outline for what your customer needs to know. Features describe (most often) the attributes of a product or service. If we’re using the example of a cordless, telephone-answering system, some features might be:

• 5.8GHz FHSS

• Talking caller ID

• Expandable to 4 handsets

• Selectable ring tones

• Speakerphones

For a person who knows nothing about cordless phones with answering machines, this list might not mean much. It’s a basic blueprint of the telephone and nothing more.

Benefits – Make the Product or Service More Personal

Benefits enliven the features. Benefits make the features, and the product or service, more personal. They explain how the features will improve the customer’s life in some way. Using the features list above, see what the benefits might be. (The list below was taken from Panasonic™ marketing materials and relates directly to their KX-TG5230M model phone.)

· 5.8GHz digital system: The 5.8GHz frequency lets you go anywhere in your house and still have clear reception without interfering with your home network. The frequency-hopping digital technology keeps calls secure from outside sources.

· Talking caller ID: No need to be within visual distance of your phone. You can hear who’s on the line before you pick up the phone. No more running to find the handset or base!

· Expandable: Keep a phone in any room—extra handsets cost less than other phones and don’t need a phone jack. This base unit supports a total of four handsets. Add up to three handsets for a complete set.

· Selectable ring tones: Customize the sound of your phone by choosing from three ring tones.

· Dual speakerphones: Talk directly into the base with the base speakerphone, while the handset speakerphone provides convenient hands-free calling wherever you take your handset.

Benefits make the features personal. They explain how the features will be of use in the customer’s life.

End Results – A Glimpse Into the Future

We can take this process one step further, however. After customers buy the phone, and after they use it, what end results will they experience? As asked before, how will their lives be improved? What will the effects of their buying decision be? Let’s go back to our list and add end results as the last sentence in the benefits list.

· 5.8GHz digital system: The 5.8GHz frequency lets you go anywhere in your house and still have clear reception without disrupting your home network. The frequency-hopping digital technology keeps calls secure from outside sources. You’ll have complete freedom to talk with no interference on one of the most advanced systems available.

· Talking caller ID: No need to be within visual distance of your phone. You can hear who’s on the line before you pick up the phone. You’ll enjoy the ultimate in convenience with this feature. No more running to view the handset or base!

· Expandable: Keep a phone in any room—extra handsets cost less than other phones and don’t need a phone jack. This base unit supports a total of four handsets. Add up to three handsets for a complete set. Expandable phone systems are smart investments that save time and money.

· Selectable ring tones: Customize the sound of your phone by choosing from three ring tones. Make your phone an extension of yourself.

· Dual speakerphones: Talk directly into the base with the base speakerphone, while the handset speakerphone provides convenient hands-free calling wherever you take your handset. You’ll have the flexibility of speakerphones wherever and whenever you talk.

Do you see what the end results have done? They’ve given the customer a glimpse into the future. The feature states that the phone offers 5.8GHz technology. The benefit goes on to explain that 5.8GHz technology is important because it offers clear reception and safety. The end result wraps things up by stating the customer will have a life filled with freedom and no interference from their highly advanced system.

Other end results point out how the phone system will make each user’s life more convenient, how this smart investment will save time and money, how it will conform to one’s personality and how the phone will lend flexibility to the customer’s life.

When you create your copywriting plan, be sure to list the features and build your benefits as usual. But, for added power, don’t forget to include end results that will help the customers visualize how your product or service will make their lives better.

© 2005 http://www.copywritingcourse.com

Source by Karon Thackston

Slot Machines – Practical Tips For Experts and Beginners

A slot is a gambling machine operated by inserting coins into it, and pushing a button to activate its wheels to spin, the alignment of which when it stops spinning determines the decision on the bet. The machine has a monitor that displays the spinning wheels, a front panel that contains buttons for its operation, and a tray where the coins are dropped. Slot machines were once known as one-armed bandits (they still are) because they were originally operated by a lever on the side (the arm), and with their nasty propensity of divesting a player all his money.  

The slots is unarguably the most popular casino game today, not only in North America but in the rest of the world where there is casino gambling. As a matter of fact the slots account for 70 percent of the casinos’ income. Its popularity is due to its solitary nature and its simplicity to play. There is no skill involved in the game, there are however, smart tips and expert advise. Like the rest of the games that don’t need skill the game has a very high casino edge.

At the heart of every slot machine is a microcomputer that accounts for its internal activity. Among others, this microcomputer generates numbers at a very high speed. Every number generated is completely random and in no way reliant to the number generated before or after it, and these numbers eventually show up on the wheels as a combination of symbols.

Slots are very easy to play that it doesn’t need studying. All the player needs is the money to back up the play and a finger to push the buttons. The object of the game is to win money from the machine. This happens if the combination of symbol derived when the wheels stop spinning matches the winning combination posted at the face of the machine. The symbols are usually brightly colored and easily recognizable images of numbers, shapes, or cards. The winning player wins the money as stated on its payoff that is visibly displayed in front of the machine.

The whole process starts when a player inserts a coin into the machine. The first thing the machine does is to display the amount on the credit meter. The player then pushes the “Bet” button to make a bet which can either be one unit or the machine’s maximum limit. When a player pushes the “Spin” button, the action instructs the machine to uphold the random number it has generated at the “moment”. I say “moment” because slot machines continuously generate random numbers even if it is not played. The wheels will then spin and stop at the combination of symbols corresponding to the number.

When a gambler wins on a spin, his winning is automatically added to his credit. If a gambler wishes to collect his wins, he just hits the button marked “Cash Out,” and the coins drop into a tray. In most of today’s machines, a bar- coded ticket will be printed out that can be redeemed for cash. When a gambler loses on a spin, the loss is also deducted to his credit. The player knows anytime how much credit he has on the machine as the information is automatically displayed at the credit meter.

Every slot machine has its own payout percentage. Payout means the amount the machine gives back to players in relation to the amount the machine receives. A machine that has a 90 per cent payout means that it will give back 90 cents of every dollar it receives. Remember though that payout percentage applies only to long-term average; say over a sample of 100,000 to 300,000 spins. Casinos found that it is wise to vary the machines’ payout according to the denomination it accepts, and in some cases, to a day of the week. Las Vegas casinos offer the highest average payouts of all; better than 95 percent. In other places, slot players can figure on about 93 percent payout.

Casinos usually group the machines according to the denomination it accepts. This means that the penny machines are placed separate from the dollar machines. Large denomination slots are usually cordoned off from the rest, often with a separate team of hosts. Multi denomination slot machines are now becoming popular. These machines accept bets through purpose-built cards inserted into it, and the player may bet in whatever denomination he chooses.

Progressive slot offers high payoff on its jackpot as compared to non progressive slot. The machines in progressive slot are linked together, each of which puts in a percentage of its hold to a pool for the top jackpot. As a consequence, each machine gives a lower payout to allow for the big prize. Some casinos have machines linked together within their own casino to offer mini-progressive jackpots. A player playing at any of the progressive slot may win the jackpot.

Some slot players believe that the outcomes in slot machines follow a cycle that span thousands of spins, and once it reaches the end of the cycle, the outcomes will repeat in exactly the same order. This means that when a jackpot shows, the machine will tighten up, and the jackpot will not show until again in due time to complete the cycle. This is very far from the truth. The truth is every spin behaves in accord with its programmed payout. Therefore a jackpot is equally as likely to show on any spin, regardless of past outcomes. In a few spins, anything can happen. It is not unusual that no single payout occurs on 20 spins nor it is to pay back 1,000 per cent in only a dozen spins. The Law of Probability dictates that the longer the machine is played the closer it will come to its target payout, even with every spin being completely random.

Source by Alan Samonte

Published in Tips by sima alaka.

Top 10 New Year's Resolutions for 2017

Resolution: the act or process of resolving: as a: the act of analyzing a complex notion into simpler ones, b: the act of answering: solving, and c: the act of determining.

The new year is upon us – resolutions of every shape and size seem to come out of the woodwork: dieting, exercising more, eating right – you name it – we all make them. We writers tend to put them on paper in hopes of keeping them at some point and time during the new year. This being the case, I have compiled a list of resolutions for all of you writers out there, whether you write fiction or nonfiction, poetry or prose, whatever it is, so that you strive to write more and write better this year (I ' m speaking for me as well).

Resolution # 1: Back in that drawer somewhere or your old filing cabinet is a stack of old rejected manuscripts that you promised yourself you'd edit, revise and rewrite them at some point in your life. Now is that time. Take each one out and file it under one of these categories: FICTION, NONFICTION, CHILDREN STORIES, CHRISTIAN STORIES OR DEVOTIONALS, POETRY – you get the picture. This is your number one resolution!

Dedicate one day for each manuscript. Edit that one manuscript, taking notes of any particular message the editor may have written on the rejection letter. Once you have etched the story in your mind and you have some clear idea of ​​where you'll go with it during the rewriting process, research several potential markets that might accept the newly revised and rewritten manuscript. Take note of word length and particular needs of each market.

Now, start the revising and rewriting process until you feel the manuscript is ready to be mailed. When you feel the manuscript is perfect, then get it in the mail and out of the way for now.
The next day, start anew with manuscript number 2, then 3 – you get the picture!

If you have multiple manuscripts in those files, you'll have a substantial amount of editing and rewriting to do for the next several weeks. Who said finding ideas to write about is hard work? Your old files from years back is a storehouse for wonderful new stories just waiting to happen.

Resolution # 2: Somewhere in those files you may have a novel you started working on but never finished. Or maybe you finished the first draft and it's still sitting there untouched and unpublished. It's the new year, for crying out loud! It's time to get that old book written or rewritten and ready for its new home on the shelves of all the major bookstores nationwide! Who knows, it could be the next best seller! It's certainly had time to season after all this time! Two down and eight more resolutions to go! do not worry, you'll get there!

Resolution # 3: For the past few weeks, you've been dusting off the cobwebs of a bunch of rejected manuscripts, revising and rewriting each one until they shimmered! Now it's time for you to get a little exercise of your own. Take a walk in the woods every afternoon or join an exercise or aerobic class. Eat a salad for dinner at least twice a week to cut back on eating all that fattening food. Since you're a writer, a good idea is to write in your journal on the days you're not working just to keep the creative juices flowing and keeping you in the habit of writing everyday. Get out for an hour every day – go to a museum or an attraction that you've been meaning to go to since you moved to this town but never did. Write about the people you meet and the things you saw and learned. You never know when you'll luck up on some great writing ideas!

Resolution # 4: All the old manuscripts that were salvageable are now on their way to some lucky publisher, and you're free to start writing something new. Somehow, because of all the weeks of cleaning up old manuscripts and rewriting them, you're burned out and new ideas just seem a million miles away. You may need to regenerate yourself by reading a few back issues of Writer's Digest Magazine – you can get a free newsletter online that offers tons of advice and weekly writing prompts that will rejuvenate you and help you get started writing again. Subscribe to the To <br> free newsletter and get your weekly writing prompts, visit hwy website at Http://www.writersdigest.com . For this resolution, try your hand at writing using four of the weekly prompts offered. Write a story using each one from 500 to 1500 words. Let the words flow, and do not worry about editing until later.

Resolution # 5: Four down and six left to go! William Zinsser once said, "Writing is thinking on paper." Using an inexpensive composition book, for the next thirty days, record some of your innermost secrets, dreams, and thoughts each day. Be careful if you have a spouse and some of your secrets, dreams and thoughts are not meant for his / her eyes to read! Thinking on paper could get you in trouble if it's thoughts about someone else! These thoughts do not have to be in story form. Your goal is to 'think on paper' each day for the next thirty days.

Resolution # 6: How's that exercise or gym class coming? Working for you, is it? Great. Now that your health issues are currently considered and all is well, let's seriously consider joining a writer's group. Most groups meet once a month and offer inspiration, motivation and encouragement. Membership varies with each group, but these groups are a valuable asset to writers. Resolve to attend the group each month for six months or one year. Let's see what happens.

Resolution # 7: For the next twelve months, send out at least one query letter a month for the next twelve months. In the meantime, work on each manuscript that will be forwarded to the editor once the query is accepted.

Resolution # 8: This year, dedicate as much free time to writing as you can. If you're not writing stories for submission, browse your local newspaper and find an issue or topic that ticks you off or interests you to the core. Submit letters to the editor of that newspaper expressing your opinion – seeing your letters printed is great writing therapy! And you're writing and being published!

Resolution # 9: This year, you deserve a break after all the long hours of writing, rewriting and keeping your resolutions. Take a vacation to your favorite destination. Take your laptop, and your camera. Oh, you can bet there are story ideas everywhere!

Resolution # 10: At midnight on December 31, 2016 reread these resolutions and see what has been accomplished, if any. Save the ones that are not complete for the following year! 2017 will be here before you know it!

BONUS RESOLUTION: Every two hours, get up from your desk and walk outside and walk around for at least 5 minutes before returning to your desk. Not only will help your circulation but help you get a breath of fresh hour, and help you see your work with fresh eyes when you return to your desk.

Source by Marcella Simmons

What’s the Difference Between Informative and Persuasive Speeches?

The average audience member listening to a speech probably doesn’t spend much time thinking about the type of speech he is hearing. After all, a speech is a speech is a speech, right? In reality, speeches come in many types and each type has a different purpose. Just because a speaker is skilled at one type of speech doesn’t mean he is equally effective at another type.

The most common type of speech given throughout the United States is the informative speech. The speaker is conveying information to an audience in a business, civic or social situation. On the other hand, the persuasive speech is one of the most difficult types of speeches to give. The speaker must have polished speaking skills but also needs to be able to capture the attention of an audience who may disagree with the speaker’s main premise. The speaker’s job is to change the audience’s mind. Not a simple task. Often it’s not even possible.

Let’s look at the purpose of each of these two speeches:

Informative Speech: In an informative speech you are usually talking to the audience about a process, an object or idea, or an event. Your purpose is to convey information. You might be explaining how to do a particular thing, describing something or instructing.

In an informative speech you are presenting information to an audience that is usually willing to listen. Your information is not controversial and your goal is to give information, not try to change anyone’s opinion. People expect that they will gain knowledge or insight as a result of listening to your speech.

A major problem with writing and presenting an informative speech is the potential for information overload. When you are trying to speak on a particular topic it’s difficult to know when to stop. When you really like your topic and are knowledgeable about it, it’s natural to try to disseminate as much information as possible. This has the opposite effect of what you intend, however. Your audience can only absorb a certain amount of information and when you keep adding more and more it becomes frustrating for the audience and they turn off. It’s much better to have 3-4 points about your topic that you talk about in more detail. You’ll never cover it all anyway and it’s better to keep in mind that “less is more.”

For each of the points that you choose to cover have examples of each- preferably a story that captures audience attention and helps personalize the topic.

Persuasive Speech: Persuasive speeches typically deal with a controversial topic. Your goal is to change a belief or behavior or at least create a willingness to consider your viewpoint.

It’s important when giving a persuasive speech that you do not condescend or demean your audience for their beliefs. If you are a representative of Planned Parenthood, referring to the audience members who oppose abortions as “Doctor killers’ is not going to convince any of them that your view is legitimate. Don’t scream, use slurs or inflammatory language. Your goal is to show them that those who are part of Planned Parenthood are rational, knowledgeable, credible and likeable.

Your speaking style should be conversational, as if you were chatting about your issue with a friend. Make sure you have facts and statistics to back up what you say. If pictures will help the audience visualize your message, then use them. Include a call-to-action at the conclusion of your speech. In the Planned Parenthood example, you might be inviting this audience to attend an open house tour of the facility and then a question and answer session afterward. If you can convince audience members to do this first step your speech is a success.

Persuasive speeches need to be extremely well-prepared. Don’t think for a minute that you can give an effective persuasive speech off the top of your head. It takes a great deal of practice and preparation. If you don’t come across as sincere, knowledgeable likable and rational the chances of changes anyone’s opinion are nill.

Here are some tips that will help you write an effective informative or persuasive speech:

Tips for Informative Speeches

  • Don’t cover too much information. Pick 3-4 ideas. It’s always better to cover less information more thoroughly than to just recite a long list of information that the audience won’t remember.
  • Give examples for each point.
  • Summarize your points at the end to increase retention.
  • Try to use stories to illustrate your points when possible
  • Use simple familiar words and and be very clear, especially if you are discussing complicated information.

Tips for Persuasive Speeches:

  • Your job is to convince your audience to share your view and take action as a result.
  • Be very clear in giving your position and why it’s correct.
  • Be likeable. Likability is a huge issue when you are giving a persuasive speech. If the audience doesn’t like you or relate to you, it’s not likely that they will listen to what you have to say.
  • Be passionate and rational and credible in presenting your argument. Screaming, ranting and raving will not encourage anyone to listen to you.
  • Realize that changing someone’s mind through a short speech is not a realistic goal. Your goal should be to get the audience to agree to consider your viewpoint enough to be open to further information.

When you are asked to give a speech, make sure that you know the specific intent of the speech. The first key to an effective speech is to make sure you know exactly what the audience is expecting. If you are asked to give an informative speech, their expectation is to learn new information of some type. If you’re asked to give a persuasive speech you will be expected to be convincing in your supports for your view. As with any speech, the key is preparation and practice!

Source by Barbara A Toney

6 Effective Tips On How To Read Faster And Comprehend More

It takes dedication and steadfastness to be a fast reader and assimilator. Every average student has a lot to read and comprehend. In order to cover up your work load for the semester or academic session and have a good grade in your exams, you need to abide by the rules and techniques you will learn after reading this article.

To equally help yourself read faster, you can equally acquire reading software that will help you to practice any technique you must have leant online or offline about reading faster and comprehension.

The best way to succeed is for you to always remember the gains of reading faster and understanding. This will help to motivate you towards building your reading abilities.

Knowing how to read faster and comprehension is not only good for students alone, researchers, office workers, lecturers, etc need to know the skills of fast reading because it will help in making your work finish on time and you will also have more time for family and friends.

WAYS TO READ FASTER AND COMPREHEND MORE

STOP WORD VOCALIZATION

Some people vocalize words as they read along. Vocalization slows down your reading speed. Research has proven that vocalization retards the assimilation capabilities of your brain. So, if your still in the category of readers that are still vocalizing, stop it right away.

IDENTIFY YOUR SPEED.

Identifying your reading speed will definitely help you to know how you have progressed in your endeavor to read faster. Therefore, take write ups with specified word count and try to know your speed via quantity of words read per hour.

LEARN HOW TO FOCUS.

Focusing on the content and subject matter you are reading will help you understand it faster. Therefore, stop thinking about unnecessary things like the romance date you had the previous day, financial problems, family problems and other things that will distract you from what you are doing at that particular time. It has been proven that most people do not understand or assimilate what they are reading just because of unnecessary distraction.

To also increase your ability to focus, you have to go to a quiet environment to read. Most especially if you have a great volume of work to do.

HAVE A GOAL.

You should have a goal on the quantity of material you need to read per day. Set a goal you are sure to achieve per day and try to increase the goal as time goes on. Within a short time, you will identify that your reading speed has increased.

LEARN READING SUMMARIZATION.

This technique should be applied when you have really improved in your speed of reading and comprehension. And you should also apply this technique when reading a material that is so large. Reading summarization is reading the topics and sub topics of pages, paragraphs and chapters.

Some authors call this technique skim reading. You just scan key words ad try to determine the contents through experience.

GROUP READING

Do not read words one after the other, rather read the words by groups. It's all about training yourself to be reading words in groups. Once you start it, you will see how easy it is.

The strategies stated in this article should be applied mildly when you are reading complex materials. Such materials are mathematics and engineering and other professional materials. You have to try and understand the what the complex material is all about because you will be solving some problems.

Source by Norb Winslow

Published in Tips by sima alaka.

Suicide is Far More Dangerous Than You Think

Suicide carries with it a profound series of serious consequences, which often changes the lives of everyone around that person. We all know those drastic effects. What is often overlooked or chalked up to being a sad occurrence, are the pre-suicidal circumstances, which actually increase suicide rates, and probability of, that disaster. Suicide prevention is the goal of thousands of professionals when a depressed patient makes the issue recognizable.

But, what happens to the large numbers of suicidal candidates who show no suicide warning signs nor openly communicate their deepest thoughts of suicide? Certainly, not all depressed people contemplate taking their own life, at least will not admit it. Wedged in between the person who is depressed and their choice of death by suicide by that person is a trigger of some type that changes the thought of suicide into a planned commitment.

The danger related to suicide that can and will increase suicide risk can be anything that may be intentional or unintentional and words or actions by others, even lack of supportive remedies. Medications may reduce the tone of the dilemma but may not actually alter the decision about suicide at the time it's made. It must be the greatest frustration for all mental health providers when they try to alter the course of events and fail.

One dangerous and destructive facet of efforts for suicide prevention that increases the risk of suicide is the perception that a suicidal person is not only dangerous to themselves, but also dangerous to others around them. As a result, a potentially suicidal patient, as determined by a psychiatrist or other qualified mental health professional, becomes a victim instead of a patient.

Just imagine a situation where a person truly is suicidal and surrounded by those who want to help. But, instead, those standing there see the person as a highly potential homicidal person to be reckoned with. This happens in reality to American military veterans being treated for mental illness of one type or another by the Veterans Administration physicians. In fact, when the civilian armed police (usually four) show up at the VA mental health clinic, they are quick to quote the legal statutes that mandate their action.

How would that make you feel if you were being treated for depression at the VA mental health clinic, went there for help one day, then were physically forced into a lockup institution immediately for a minimum of three days, with the doctor's option to keep you for many more days? Most veterans probably never heard of that law, nor understood that they could be physically confined involuntarily to a psychiatric facility. Most understand that it occurs with alcoholics and drug addicts commonly known to harm others, but to suicidal patients bent on harming only themselves ……. incredibly cruel punishment.

Mind you, this unlucky individual was not armed nor threatening anyone. He just needed counseling. The three keywords that trigger this confinement are those elicited during the scripted questions psychiatrists ask depressed patients to screen them, like these:

1. Do you have a weapon at home? Yes (Who doesn't-a knife in the kitchen drawer, the rifle your uncle gave you for hunting, a rope in the shed for hanging, etc.)

2. Have you thoughts about suicide? Yes (depressed patients intermittently think about suicide off and on for years, depending on the depth of their depression.)

3. Have you planned how you would commit suicide? Yes (Your answer would reveal which method you would use if it ever came to that — most probably have thought of it)

Answering these three questions with three "Yes's" will get the veteran involuntarily confined. Many extraneous factors influence the psychiatrists decision about that person, which are often enough to avoid triggering the confinement-but are totally disregarded intentionally, are not considered at all, are not going to change the mind of the psychiatrist no matter what, and are indicative of a second rate physician who barely made it through medical school.

Take that depressed person suddenly into lockup, and it results is additional significant increased mental trauma, which exaggerates the depression and increases suicidal risk. Anyone who has a brain must understand it happens in every single person treated in the same manner to some degree.

What are the additional traumatic conditions added by confinement:

a. Isolation-no friends, patients there keep to themselves, rare staff attention, lack of family support and attention, controlled phone calls outside.

b. Controlled environment-complete loss of self-esteem, hopelessness, boredom, group counseling usually about a topic not pertinent to the patient's situation.

c. Physical disintegration-loss of appetite, decreased care about cleanliness, reduction of physical activity with sleep used as an escape.

d. Incompetent staff-especially psychiatric social workers who are making decisions and diagnoses far above their competency and training. They are the cause of many patients being kept well over the usual three days — for extra counseling this staffer has decided the patient needs because patients are sicker than everyone else can see.

e. Mental confusion-forget time and date, concern about what family will think and how they'll treat them later, increases the isolation feeling, future worries about what this episode will do to jobs, life pattern, and medical treatment.

f. Increased desire for suicide-all of the above increase the desire to escape life and treatments, elicits fear of ever going back to the VA clinic for mental help for fear that it could happen again, have disappointed family and deserve punishment, worthlessness becomes supreme.

This patient, once confined, is now permanently labeled by the VA as a violent person on the records, even if they have never performed a violent action in their life. Any history of combat experience makes it easier to label him or her.

This experience of confinement suddenly by police action insures that the veteran will need to do certain things to protect themselves, like, lie to the psychiatrist or psychologist, give up on any mental health help from the VA, alert all the other vets about the trickery .

This is the system in force now. It may be a wakeup call for other agencies who treat depression, and function in a suicide prevention format.

Source by Curtis G. Graham

5 Killer Flirting Tips For Men That Drive Women Wild

One of the biggest problems that most men have with attracting women is their inability to flirt with a woman. Sure, you can do all kinds of nice gestures for them, but those things do not communicate to a woman on a more intimate level. This is where most men get stuck in the "lets just be friends" zone.

This makes flirting one of the greatest skills you could ever have. You can flirt with women you want to get to know, your girlfriend, your wife, and just about any woman at all. When other women see this they know that they are in the presence of a man who just gets it.

Before we get started you need to know what flirting is. The typical man thinks that it is about being nice to her or doing something nice for her. It really is much more then just those two things. Flirting is really about creating energy between you and her to make your interactions more exciting. Flirting creates those feelings of excitement and energy.

Tip # 1 Give & Take- Most flirting tactics can be broken down into giving her something and then taking that something away from her. This is a way to trigger her emotions. When you give somebody something that they like they usually want it back again.

You: You have such nice soft smooth hands. I could hold them all day long.

Her: (Smiling)

You wait for 3 minutes.

You: Your hands are not as nice to hold as they were a few minutes ago. I take everything back. It gets old after awhile.

Her: Hey! (Reaches for you hand to hold it again)

Tip # 2 Compliment Her- You have probably tried to compliment a woman before. It works great when you do it right. Flattery is at its best when it feels like you really appreciate her. Most guys get this wrong. They often compliment a woman in a way that makes her think that he is desperate. Try looking for something in her that makes her the great person she thinks that she really is. "Your freckles really turn me on."

Tip # 3 Lead- Women love the feeling of being swept off their feet. Its the sort of thing they read about in those romance novels and the things that they fantasize about. You can give her that sort of a feeling by using your leadership abilities. One of the best places to start is psychically. Use your touch to show her that you will initiate and lead physical contact. To do this right off the bat try holding onto her hand too long when you shake hands.

Tip # 4 Use Curiosity- One of the things people can not resist is their own curiosity. Ask yourself how you can make her curious.

"There is something very intriguing about you …"

She then will want to know what it is that you find intriguing about her. You can play with this in allot of different ways and reword it in many different ways.

Tip # 5 Demonstrate Interest- A woman needs to know in that moment you are interested in her and not just any woman. This shows her that you are picky, have standards, and that she has met those standards. This make her feel special and she will know that you have picked her. With all that banter you should be asking her some questions about herself and get to know her. The idea is to mix things up so it still seems playful.

Conclusion

The key for you to know about flirting is to make certain that your behavior shows the woman that you are interested in her in a sexual manner. This really is the key to flirting. All the romantic stuff has to come later on when you are in a relationship.

Source by Tyler D Moss

Published in Tips by sima alaka.