Month: January 2017

A Dozen Ways to Improve Your Speaking

For years I've enjoyed listening to speakers of all types, trying to identify what makes them successful. Many preachers have developed their skills to a level of fine art, like Charles Swindoll or Joyce Meyers. With rare exceptions like President Barak Obama or, depending upon the event, Sarah Palin, civic and political leaders typically lag far behind religious leaders in polish and presentation. Whoever they are, leaders would do well to forever work at improving their communication skills.

Here are a few practical nuts and bolts:

Speak. The first law of communication is to communicate, so if you want people to get the message, share the message. And you must speak in a vocabulary-as simply as possible-and manner others can understand. Do not do what some professors attempt to do, impress the audience with multiple syllable words. Does not work. When the crowd goes home the only thing they remember is your hubris. Jesus said, "I am the way and the truth and the life. No one comes to the Father except through me" (John 14: 6) -doesn't get much simpler than that.

Do not apologize for speaking. It's one thing to hear an infrequent speaker offer a nervous apology on the church platform; it's quite another to hear this from a leader. If speaking makes you nervous get over it or get another job. Your apologies for being ill-at-ease makes everyone else ill-at-ease. The more comfortable you are "in your own skin" the more comfortable your audience will be with your presentation.

Convey confidence. Take charge of the speaking opportunity and treat listeners with respect. Say "Thanks," but do not gush. Do whatever it takes to develop your confidence: prepare properly, practice, use notes, etc. Stand physically relaxed and avoid signaling nerves by odd gestures or extraneous movement.

Connect with the audience. Smile. Look directly at people individually and collectively. Scan the entire audience in a natural and measured way so everyone feels you are speaking to them. On the way or at the event, be alert for a development unique to the occasion, than mention it at the beginning of your talk. Former presidential candidate Gary Bauer is a master at this. Every time, dingy old high school auditorium or the Waldorf Astoria, he finds something to say that's distinctive and complimentary to his listeners and their venue. Know your audience and relate directly to them, their town, or their event today. Make them feel special-why comedians exit stage left saying, "You've been a great audience."

Develop a few appropriate one-liners that work anywhere. Old stand-by one-liners-with which you are comfortable-are always there for you like a good friend. They reduce your anxiety, help you convey confidence and connect with the audience, and assist in engaging the audience and helping them relax. One of my favorites goes something like this: "I've always wanted to speak at XYZ. (Short pause) Guess now I can die happy." That one never fails to get a laugh.

Never read your speech. It may be appropriate to read a short formal announcement or a reference to someone else's statement. But reading your content is the fastest way to lose your audience's attention, put them to sleep, or literally lose them as they vote with their feet going out the back door. I once sat in the Michigan Legislature's gallery listening to Governor John Engler deliver his State of the State Address. While I appreciated him and most of his ideas I struggled to stay focused as he ponderously read line after line. You can guess what the opposition party was doing. To the Governor's credit he got better with time, according to a few of his intimates, with professional help and practice. Good for him. Good for his constituency.

Be brief. FDR's "Be sincere; be brief; be seated" is a good rule of thumb for any speaker. In November, 1863, Edward Everett gave the principal speech at the dedication ceremony for a new military cemetery at Gettysburg, followed by President Abraham Lincoln's "Gettysburg Address." Everett later wrote to Lincoln, "I should be glad if I could flatter myself that I came as near to the central idea of ​​the occasion, in two hours, as you did in two minutes."

Tell stories. Jesus generally spoke to crowds of followers in parables, which are short stories from everyday life containing an application of deeper spiritual truths. While more than thirty parables are recorded in the Gospels, in the book of Mark it says Jesus used many other parables in his public speaking ministry. Indeed, "He did not say anything to them without using a parable" (Mark 4: 33-34). People are interested in people and that's what a leader's best stories should be about.

List core values and / or state goals clearly. Put your values ​​and goals into every major presentation. Post why? Because an important way to motivate people is to assure that they know where they are going. Values ​​and goals are part and parcel of a vision speech. Share them, or better yet, as leader embody them. Lead by example.

Be positive. "Negative campaigning" has long since become commonplace in American life. But a leader is better served taking the high road. Ronald Reagan gave us a version of this, his 11th Commandment: "Thou shalt not speak ill of any fellow Republican." Describe who you and your organization are, not who others or competitor organizations are not. Being quoted in media with a sound bite attack on others is more about ego or vengeance than it is about advancing your organization's vision. Nobody follows a flame-thrower for long. The heat's too intense.

Use props to reinforce not replace your speech . PowerPoints, video shorts, pictures, audio, other technology can be enormously effective tools for engaging an audience. But you're still the speaker and, for my money, you need to speak. No media has yet been developed that is as compelling as a passionate person who truly believes what he or she is saying. Use props wisely, but do not forget the natural power of going "unplugged."

Use your same (best) vision speech repeatedly. Leadership expert Barry Z. Posner's formula for good vision communication: "Repetition, repetition, repetition!" Richard Nixon made the point more colorfully, "About the time you are writing a line you have written so often that you want to throw up, that is the time the American people will hear it." Communicate the vision persuasively and persistently at every possible occasion. And do not worry if you're sharing the vision too often. Management consultants Thomas Werner and Robert Lynch recommend leaders communicate their vision 7 times in 7 different ways. I'd say a lot more often than that.

These items are suggestions born of experience, not rules. Some will apply all the time. Some will apply sometimes. It's your judgment call.

You are the leader. Lead with your words.

Source by Rex Rogers

Tips from Robert Ludlum on Writing a Compelling Thriller

Based on a two-hour interview with the late Robert Ludlum, author of some of the world’s best selling novels of international intrigue.

Q. How did your career in writing begin?

Ludlum: When I got out of college in 1952, I wanted to be an actor. I worked pretty consistently in plays and doing voice-over TV commercials until about 1958. Then somebody said to me, did you ever think of becoming a producer?

So I learned that field and produced original theater on Broadway for ten years. But I got bored with the pressures and labor problems. I had worked with a lot of playwrights, and I thought – I can write. So I wrote a humorous book about the funny things that happens when actors meet the general public – people who may not know anything about actors. I sold it to a publisher who told me, “Actually this is just what we want.” I named it “Broadway goes Suburbia.” Then the publisher said to me, “Of course, we have to make it much more serious. No humor. We’ll call it “Blueprint for Culture.” I ran out of the room laughing.

That Broadway book was my first attempt at writing. I thought I wanted a writing career. But I had responsibilities – my children, my wife. You can’t chuck everything aside to become a writer. But I kept thinking about it and got to the point where I really wanted to try it. My wife Marian, bless her heart, said, “You’re forty years old. If you don’t try it now, you’re going to regret as long as we live.” And so we got together and blocked out eighteen months to see if I could succeed..

Q. And you’re too good a writer to use that old cliché, “And the rest was history.” “The Osterman Weekend.” “The Bourne Identity.” “The Parsifal Mosaic.” And many other best sellers and movies later. How would you describe your writing techniques?

Ludlum: I love to observe people. I have always been interested in people who have decided to leave one lifestyle for another. On St. Thomas I met a man named John who used to be a very successful ad man in New York. He threw it all away to follow a new dream – running a charter boat in the Caribbean. He went to a patrol school run by the Coast Guard in St. Thomas. He supported himself by becoming a disk jockey on a local radio station for a $100 a week. Now he has his own charter boat business and is considered one of the more effective people on the island. A complete life change. Later I used that fact in “The Bourne Identify.” When one of my characters wanted to get away, he joined the boat people in the Caribbean.

Q. What other writing techniques work for you?

Ludlum:. My wife and I love to travel all over the world. And whenever possible, we take our kids and their wives with us. On a trip to Greece, they helped me gather restaurant menus, theater programs, ticket stubs, tour brochures. And I take a lot of really bad pictures. But I put all this in a big scrapbook. The scrapbook brings memories back to life and help make my writing more credible.

Q, What the biggest mistake you think many beginning writers make?

Ludlum: I get annoyed when a self-indulgent writer just shows off what he knows but doesn’t really tell a story. To me storytelling is first a craft. Then if you’re lucky, it becomes an art form. But first, it’s got to be a craft.. You’ve got to have a beginning, middle and end. And I have sort of applied the theatrical principles to writing. Throw the story in the air and see what’s going to happen.

Source by Hal Gieseking

Giving A Great Speech 7 Secrets To Dynamic, Memorable Public Speaking

If your career path includes an evolving leadership role in your organization, you will almost certainly need to speak in public regularly. No need to panic, here are seven useful tips for giving a great speech.

1. Use an icebreaker. Avoid a ho-hum opening such as “Thank you for coming this evening.” Instead, connect with your audience using an effective icebreaker. An icebreaker will relax the initial tension between the speaker and the audience and allow you establish a flow of positive energy. Successful icebreakers should relate to your topic and can be rhetorical questions, compelling statistics, humorous quotations, a picture, personal anecdote, or analogy.

2. Focus your material. People expect short speeches today, so good speakers will write a focused message with a limited number of key points. Clarify your take-home message and organize your speech with three to four key points. Structure it with an opening, body, and closing. In the opening, tell them what you are going to tell them; in the body tell them; in the closing, tell them what you told them.

3. Use transitions. Transitions are words and phrases that link and build on your key points. Examples include: Next I’d like to discuss what’s happening with our competition; Now that we’ve talked about the competition, I’d like to explain our strategy. Transitions can also be as simple as: First, second, and finally. Speakers who use strong transition statements will create a flow that makes listening easy.

4. Make every word count. Great speakers are skilled wordsmiths. They prune the deadwood from their speeches and presentations, simplify their phrases, and sharpen their sentences. They use listener-friendly, conversational language and avoid long-winded technical jargon.

5. Become less self-centered. The narcissistic speaker is more concerned with looking good and speaking to impress others than with delivering valuable information that will resonate with listeners. Effective speakers shed their egos and speak from the heart with passion and warmth that energizes and motivates their audiences. This charisma transforms the speaker’s message into a memorable experience for listeners.

6. Create energy through your voice. A memorable message comes from the heart and is delivered with energy and emotion through voice and tone. A voice with a smile creates warmth and goodwill with your audience. However, your voice often mirrors your emotional state and will reveal your anxiety and apprehension about speaking. Smoothing out an unpleasant, wavering voice requires conscious awareness, vocal practice, and rehearsal. Start with good posture, deep breathing, and quality enunciation. Then practice your volume, pace, pausing, and pitch. Listen to your voice on tape.

7. Lighten up. Every speech you deliver is an opportunity to share something insightful with your audience. Using a bit of humor, poking fun at yourself, or telling a personal story helps your audience relate to you as a genuine, compassionate person. Avoid using podiums or other barriers that distance you from the audience. Use open body language to create professional intimacy. If you are having fun, your audience will pick up on your enthusiasm. They will remember your message. And they will remember and respect you.

Source by Debra Hamilton

Caffeine and Fear of Public Speaking

What a dummy! I should have known better. I was giving a business presentation when my panic started. I felt afraid of speaking. I was anxious and sweating. My heart was racing. What was happening?

Normally I feel excitement when I do a presentation. But this time, I felt a fear of public speaking. I could not believe it. I had done this seminar dozens of times before. I should have felt cool and collected.

Then it struck me! Before my presentation, I had consumed an entire super-sized drink loaded with caffeine. Now the caffeine was kicking in. No wonder I felt my heart racing! I was sweating so badly, an attendee kindly offered a Kleenex to wipe off my forehead!

The caffeine had amplified my normal nervous energy into terror!

How does caffeine add to the fear of public speaking? To the According Mayo Clinic , "Caffeine is a stimulant That can make your heart beat View faster View , Increase your by blood pressure, and cause nervousness and Irritability."

That extra caffeine is terrible when you are already anxious before doing a speech. The adrenaline rush just before going on-stage is enough of a "pick me up" without adding caffeine. Combining caffeine with nervousness results in a feeling of panic.

On stage, I paused by asking the participants to glance at their handouts. I took several slow deep breaths to calm my metabolism so I was able to finish my presentation. But, I never want to repeat that experience again!

So, how much caffeine does an average drink contain? Well, the Mayo Clinic states an 8 oz cup of coffee contains approximately 85 mg of caffeine, a similar sized cup of black tea or green tea contains 40 mg and a 12 oz can of cola contains approximately 35-45 mg of caffeine.

So, learn from my mistake and avoid excessive caffeine before giving a speech. You will feel calmer as a result and help reduce your fear of public speaking.

One final note: If you normally drink coffee, tea or colas, do NOT change your routine on the day of your speech. The effects of sudden caffeine withdrawal (loss of energy, headaches) can also cause problems during your presentation.

Source by Mike Aoki

10 Trivia Night Tips – Pub Trivia An Entertaining Night Out

If you are tired of sitting home watching TV and your local area does not have much to offer in the form of regular entertainment, have you considered attending a trivia night? Pub trivia or trivia night quiz competitions are great for a regular weekly get together with friends. They offer something for all ages, they are stimulating and interactive, they leave you plenty of time to talk and give you lots of things to talk about!

Trivia nights usually organize their competition so that someone books a table and then people sitting at the table compete as a team, so 2-8 people are needed and they need a team name.

People often have a preconception that trivia nights are for brainiacs. But do not bother racking your brain and flicking through address books looking for someone with a university degree. Trivia nights generally include trivia questions about pop culture trivia, not really university degree type knowledge.

Most people have more knowledge than we think. Instead of looking for intellectuals, you'll be better off looking for team members who are avid fans of something.

Do you know someone who watches a lot of TV? People who have watched every episode of the Simpsons, or South Park, Friends or Neighbours have a brain chock full of TV characters and their foibles. Music lovers with a CD collection spanning several decades are useful. Travellers have a wealth of knowledge about locations and cities and rivers and if they also speak several languages ​​it's a bonus. Amateur chefs can also tip the balance if you get a tricky food trivia question. Sports lovers are a bonus.

Getting a good trivia night team together may be the prime objective for those with a highly competitive streak who are playing to win jackpots and prizes. Most of us are just happy to pick up a bar voucher or a free dinner coupon at a trivia night. We'll keep going out to a trivia night for the social interaction, so long as the host and our friends make us laugh and we do not come last every week.

Here are 10 Trivia Night tips for people who have not attended a trivia night before.

  • 1. Turn up around 15-30 minutes before the trivia night starts. You'll be able to pick a good table, where you can see the screen and are able to hear the questions better, and you will not be holding up the trivia host from starting the quiz as he explains the rules to you.
  • 2. Do not be afraid to be uncool enough to drag along a younger or older acquaintance to a trivia night. People from different generations have a vastly different knowledge base, that can make all the difference.
  • 3. Turn off or simply do not take your mobile phone in with you. Serious trivia night competitors can suffer from highly aggressive "cheat rage" if they see you checking your messages, and many clubs and hosts take a dim view of anyone bringing in mobile phones as well.
  • 4. As competitors compete as a trivia team, if you drag a friend or two along with you, you'll enjoy yourself more. Trivia hosts will often try and fit singles into an already established team, but you take pot luck as to who your team mates are. You might be lucky and make new friends or you might be stuck at a table with a rowdy crowd who are more interested in each other and the beer, than the trivia night competition or you.
  • 5. Do not overdo the know it alls on your trivia team just to fill up the table. Too many strong personalities arguing they're right can spoil all the fun for the rest of the team. Friendships have been known to die at trivia nights because a dominant personality over ruled a friends correct answer with his own wrong one.
  • 6. If you intend to question the trivia host about an answer you "know" to be correct, be prepared to back it up with a reputable source. These do not include Wikipedia or an internet website unless they also cite a reference source with more weight.
  • 7. A prize is often given for the best trivia team name. So put your thinking cap on and come up with an inventive team name. A clever play on words is trumped by the name that gets the most laughs.
  • 8. Make sure the person chosen to write down the answers to the trivia quiz questions, writes clearly and can spell. You do not want to lose points on technicalities. It helps if this person is also very decisive, he or she can then play referee when two team members are both certain about two different possible answers.
  • 9. Trust your instincts. The first answer to pop into your head at a trivia night is most likely to be the true one. Do not over think it.
  • 10. Beware of trick questions. Ignore the tip above and think carefully before you commit to an answer that seems too easy. Quiz masters love to throw a spanner in the works by playing on obvious answers that are false. Want an example? This is a good one. How many months in a typical year have 28 days in them? Did you answer "One – February!"? It's true that only February ends after 28 days apart from a leap year but it's also true that all 12 months in a normal calendar year have at least 28 days in them. So the answer is actually 12.

So if you want a stimulating entertaining night out, why not give a trivia night a go? Stretch the brain, improve the memory, have a great night out and enjoy the company and conversation of friends.

Source by Julie Francis

Published in Tips by sima alaka.

How to Stop Facial Flushing During Public Speaking

First of all, if you experience facial flushing during public speaking, you're not alone. There are millions of sufferers around the globe who deal with this every day. I was surprised to find that my boss actually blushed intensely during a big interview with a potential client. She said she was not used to the pressure. It was strange though, because in informal situations she was very bold, confident and out-spoken with no signs of flushing. I, on the other hand experienced blushing in many informal and formal situations. It was more intense when all eyes were on me, but I remember having Mexican food with my mom and actually flushing intensely.

I started researching causes and cures for this condition, knowing deep down that there HAD to be a solution. My intent with this article was to publish a summary of my findings, from my personal experience. Hopefully they will be useful to you, whatever your situation with flushing.

It's safe to say that there are a range of things responsible for the tendency to flush or blush in the face and neck. They include stress, diet and poor digestion, and constant unnecessary fears. I put stress first, because continual strain on the body and mind cause a myriad of disorders. I learned that stress can weaken the digestive tract, which in turn can make you more sensitive to foods and even cause allergies. A medical doctor, specializing in facial flushing, told me that blushing is actually likened to a signal flare, telling you something is wrong in your body. And in most cases, it means your digestive system is out of whack and you are under too much stress. Upon learning this, I immediately changed my diet cutting out alcohol, gluten and dairy. I also started going to a few more massages a month, as a stress reducer.

At this point though, I'd conditioned myself to EXPECT a facial flushing episode while public speaking. What I found was that my constant yet unnecessary fears, which by now were apart of my normal thought process, were actually inhibiting me from staying calm. I learned about Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) and that it's commonly used to cure social anxiety and facial flushing. I also found many accounts of people who'd had success with hypnotherapy. Both methods' main goal is to re-train the mind to disassociate from triggers that seem threatening but truly are not. For example, when I started speaking in meetings, I would instantly become afraid that what I was saying was stupid, boring or not relevant and that everyone was judging me. It was horrible! Choosing to try CBT and Hypnotherapy was one of the best decisions I made, as my facial flushing is almost non-existent and I never even worry about it!

Source by Kathleen Timm

Top Five Uses of Email Marketing

Email is consistently rates as the most used application on the Internet. According to Epsilon International via Econsultancy Blog in June 2009:

Email is used more regularly than social networking for personal communication. 79% of respondents use email as their primary mode of communication, only 10% use social networks.

Email has long been used as a form of marketing, but if you're new to the email marketing game, you may be unsure as to how to use it and what results you can expect. So here are our top five uses of email marketing:

1. Newsletters

You can create newsletters to send to existing customers and prospects on a regular basis. Some companies opt for weekly, others monthly. If you're really keen, you could even send them daily (as long as the content was high quality). Sending email newsletters is a very effective form of communication and helps to further enhance your brand. The more you can keep your name and logo in front of customers and prospects, the more likely you'll be top of the list when the customer wants to make a purchase.

Newsletters can contain a variety of information – new web pages you've added, new articles, changes to your business, new product lines – anything goes, as long as it is of value to the person you're sending it to.

2 Promotions

Many organisations like to use email marketing to send out coupons / codes or to promote a special offer they are holding. Offering exclusive coupons to mailing list subscribers has also shown to be an effective way of growing your email marketing list. If people are already engaged in your company, what better way to reinforce the relationship than providing them with their own special offers?

3. Event invitat ions

Email marketing is a fantastic way of promoting events you may be holding. Not only can you send out emails informing customers and prospects that you are holding an event, you can also use email to invite people directly. Email marketing tools are highly sophisticated and are able to be personalised which makes them great as an invitation tool. It also cuts down the cost of printing and postage of traditional invites.

4. Promote blog posts

If you create a regular blog, you can use email to promote each new blog post. Some people may prefer to get a direct email containing your blog post, rather than having to visit your site directly. Alternatively you can send a weekly or monthly email containing a summary of all your recent blog posts, and use that as a way to drive traffic to your site.

5. Business updates / press releases

If you've launched a new product, taken on a new member of staff, or have any other kind of newsworthy announcement, email marketing is a great way to communicate this to your mailing list. You can also use email marketing to send out press releases in bulk to your list of journalists.

The main benefits of email marketing are:

  • Speed
  • Flexibility
  • Low cost
  • Ability to measure results

These benefits make it a useful tool for all businesses large and small. The low cost of entry means that virtually anyone can get involved and start using it.

Source by Victoria Walmsley

4 Tips to Coming First in Club Dinghy Sailing Races

So you want to start coming first instead of last in club racing?

Well you have come to the right place! In this article you will learn how through just 4 simple tips you can improve your ranking in sailing to get third, second or even first place.

These tips are used so little by amateur racers that they always end up last and wondering why the same top few keep coming in the top positions for racing. The secrets of racing are revealed. Follow them and become a club sailing dinghy champion!

These 4 tips outline an entire race strategy that the pros use to come so high up in the rankings. In the next ten minutes prepare to delve into a world in which winning had become standard!

Tip Number One: The Start

Welcome to the race course sailor! The start is the most important part of any race and many novice sailors do not understand the significance of the start in relation to the rest of the race and this is where they go wrong.

The start is the single most important part of the race for most sailors as if they are only moderately skilled, a bad start will break them. Only very skilled and experienced sailors can claw back to the top from a bad start and if you are reading this article I am assuming you are not an extremely skilled or experienced sailors. I am expecting you to be quite good, but always coming between last and middle place. You want to get up there with the pros and start to get some wins under your belt.

Well look no further, the start is the most important part of the race.

Here is a list of strategies that you should use on the line if you want to have a good start and a potentially good race:

  • Get a stop watch! – The number of people I have seen without stop watches on a race is appalling. No wonder it is so easy for the experienced sailors to get some lead over the more novice ones. All serious sailing racers need a stop watch in order to start on time and in the right place without being caught unawares
  • Learn the Flag types – The flags are there to tell you what is going on in a race. So not knowing them is hardly going to help you understand what is going on in the race. It is highly advisable to find a good rulebook from your national sailing organization or the ISAF (International Sailing Federation) and learn all the flag types that will be shown at any given race. Preparation make Perfect!
  • Learn where the marks are – If you are thinking of club racing regularly, then you should learn where the common marks that are used for racing actually are so that when the committee boat shows the marks you do not have to glance at a map constantly during the race. This kind of preparation is essential for any serious racer.
  • Do a Transit – This little known tactic is something that very few novice sailors know about and proves to be a very useful technique in order to have a good start. A transit is where you find put the boat between the committee boat and the pin buoy an look for a recognizable object on the other side of the pin. This tells you exactly where the starting line is and if there is a black flag shown, you will know whether you are over the line or not.
  • Find out if there is a bias – A biased line is one in which a certain tack is favoured. For instance a port bias is a start in which a port tack is favoured. To find out if there is a port bias, a starboard bias or if it is square (no bias), you can do it accurately or roughly. Doing it accurately requires a compass. Go along your transit and note the compass bearing. Then add 90 degrees to that bearing and turn to that heading. If the boat tacks then the current tack is the favoured tack and the bias. If the boat does not tack then the current tack is the favoured tack and the bias. If the boat goes head to wind then there is no bias and it is a square line. You can roughly do this by seeing if you are beating up one end of the line and broad reaching down the other end. If it is a square line then you should be beam reaching from one end to the other
  • Starting Position – This is also highly important for competitive racing. If there is a bias then most of the boats will be there. If you do not want to be in a scrum and get a rubbish start, then start slightly lower than the bias end or start on the opposite tack and then tack on to the biased tack after horn goes off. By doing this you will have your own unique heading and start. The worse thing you can do is follow somebody throughout the whole race, because whatever happens you will never win.

If you can master all or most of those tactics, then your starts will become better and better. Make sure that you go over the line on the horn and at full speed as well as using the above tips.

So now the boat has crossed the line. You are on the beat!

Tip Number Two: The Beat

This is the hardest point of sailing to master and this is also where the fleet spreads out with the well trimmed and faster boats at the front whilst the untrimmed and slower boats lag at the back.

A good beat can propel an okay or bad start to being in the top ten or top five position. Here are some great tactics to try and improve your position on the beat.

  • Keep the boat flat! – Another incredibly common past time that I see on the race course is boats heeling constantly though out the race. This is terrible for boat speed as the sail is pulled away from the wind. Make sure that the boat is flat at all times. To actually achieve this make make sure boat crew members are hiking out of the boat in a comfortable position. If this does not help then let out some main sail and pinch (go further up wind), this should bring down the heel. the moment this happens pull the main sheet back in so that when the boat is flat the mainsail is fully in. This has the effect of a massive pump on the boat, which causes a burst of acceleration. Continue to do this throughout the beat and you will find yourself overtaking everyone who is heeling constantly, greatly improving your position. You can also use the kicker and cunningham in especially high winds to depower the sail and keep the boat flat, but you must remember to remove the kicker and cunningham when the wind dies down or there is a lull.
  • Sit forward in the boat – When the boat is not heeling your crew should be sitting on the centreboard and you should be sitting up against the shroud. Post why? Because if you both sit back then the stern will act like a massive drag in the water causing the boat to slow down considerably. If you both sit forward the stern comes out of the water and the boat is no longer hampered by an extra dead weight in the water.
  • Make sure that the slot is trimmed – This is a very unknown technique in sailing. The concept of the slot is very technical and is to do with the physics of sailing and aerodynamics, but here is a simplified version. The slot is the distance between the Genoa and the mainsail. If the slot is too small the airflow becomes constricted and the front bottom of the mainsail begins to luff. If the slot is too large the Genoa begins to luff. The slot must be trimmed correctly so that the Genoa is about one and a half inches off the leeward shroud so as to provide optimal airflow. This slot distance changes with wind speed so it must be constantly watched by the crew. This is something that only experienced sailors know about and so should be utilized against other sailors to improve your position and gain some ground on your opponent.
  • Take lifts and avoid headers – Lifts and headers are where the wind changes direction. If the change is more to windward, it is called a lift and if the the change is more to leeward it is called a header. You should always take lifts and avoid headers by changing the boat's direction. In a lift turn windward and in a header bear away. In big lifts you should always expect a large header, which could make you tack so be careful about overshooting and taking the lift too far. Lifts are useful by taking you more windward of your opponent, which means closer to the windward mark.

These techniques are rarely used by inexperienced sailors and if you use them you can climb to the top of the fleet in no time and no-one will understand how you optimized your sails or managed to go so fast.

Tip Number Three: Rounding Marks

In a typical course, there are three marks: the windward mark, the gybe mark and the leeward mark. Of course all courses will be more complicated than this, but all marks can be assigned one of these types.

There are some great rules you can utilize at marks in order to take the advantage when you reach the mark.

  • The starboard rule – The starboard rule is the most important rule in sailing. It says that a port tack boat must giveaway to a starboard tack boat. This means that if you approach a mark on port and there is also a starboard boat coming towards it you must either tack or bear away a little. As you can see when approaching a mark it is always best to be on starboard and you must take this into account during your beat.
  • The windward rule – The windward rule is also an important rule that states that a windward boat must keep clear of a leeward boat. This is very important at the windward mark, because it means that the leeward boat can push the windward boat further up in order for the leeward boat to go round the mark first. This only applies when the leeward boat's bow or stern overlaps the windward boat's bow or stern.
  • The water rule – This is exclusively for mark rounding and states that the inside boat that has an overlap with in a certain number of boat lengths of the mark can call for water in which the outside boat must allow the inside boat room to round the mark . The rule has been changed in the ISAF 2009-2012 rulebook. It used to be that if the inside boat (the boat between one boat and a mark) had an overlap within 2 boat lengths they could call for water. Now however the rule has been changed to 3 boat lengths and you must take this into account and work out if there is an overlap or not. If there is an overlap call for water. If not make space for the outside boat to round the mark.
  • Wide in and Tight out – This is a great technique to use to start beating just as you round a leeward mark. If you go slightly lower to leeward than the mark and then tighten up as you round the mark, you should end up with a little burst of speed and be higher than a boat that does not do this tactic.
  • Keep control of your wind! – The boat behind you when you approach a mark on a beam reach will try to go windward of you so that they take your wind and you slow down. Instead of letting them take it go windward yourself and push them higher up on the course until they decide it is not worth it. Remember though that reaches are faster than going up wind so you have to calculate whether or not it is worth going up wind.

These are very important tactics for mark rounding that any pro sailor will use and not tell anyone else about. Use them and see how far up the fleet you get to.

Tip Number Four: The Run

Running is the slowest point of sailing. Most dinghy classes have spinnakers or gennakers that are large sail bags that capture the wind and pull the boat forward. All serious sailors should master the techniques of using spinnakers and gennakers before reviewing this tip of the article.

  • Sit backwards – This the opposite to the beat where you have to sit forwards, in the run you have to sit backwards. This is because the boat naturally pushes the bow into the water creating drag or in especially high winds capsizing the boat. Instead sit slightly backwards and allow the bow to right itself.
  • Do not go on a dead run – Dead runs slow down boats. Remember that! The worst point of sail you can be on is a dead run as there is no aerodynamics creating forces. All that is pushing the boat along is the pressure of the wind against the sail. The fastest point of sail is the broad reach as there is a force created through the aerodynamics as well as the pressure of the wind against the sail. At all times try and get on to a broad reach to go to the next mark, because it is much, much faster than a dead run or even a training run. The sails are far more efficient at broad reaches than runs.
  • Take off the kicker, cunningham and out haul – Very, very important. The whole point of these ropes are to depower the sail. If they are all on at the point of sail, which is the slowest you will inadvertently be slowing and depowering the sail even further. Make sure all these ropes are hanging loose and that the sail is sufficiently powered as to move the boat. To remember whether or not you have kept them on or off, check out the speed of other boats and see if they are traveling faster or slower than you and then tweak to compensate.

The run is my favorite part of sailing, because I love sailing the spinnaker. It is also the precursor to the finish, which is usually on the beat. So to make your finished better just revise the information on beating, to give yourself and advantage over your opponents.

So that is the ultimate guide to sailing better. Review this a few more times or send it to your crew or helm so that you are both on the same wavelength. This is practically everything you need to know to improve your sailing and your racing finishing position.

On the racecourse just watch as you fly by your racing comrades and see their shocked faces and then tell them the secret by emailing them this ultimate guide to sailing and see the looks on their faces when they find out it is so simple.

Or be evil and keep it all to yourself!

I hope you have enjoyed this article as much as I have enjoyed writing it and will be continuing to think about it for the rest of the day with an excitement and apprehension that you feel as you get closer and closer to the time when you can put these tips into practice.

Source by Alex Dotsch

Published in Tips by sima alaka.

Mobile Phone Repair Tips To Help Your Save Money

For many people, getting your phone fixed or repaired is a very costly move. And so, whenever they get a cracked phone's screen, dropped their phone in the toilet or their battery is no longer working, they usually just opt ​​to buy a new one. However, having your phone fixed or repaired is actually not that costly only if you know the right thing to do.

Consumers have plenty of misconceptions which may either be grounded on some truth or are simply untrue. Specialists in mobile phone repair share some tips below on how to save money for your mobile phone repair.

In most cases, there is still a high chance that your phone can be repaired. So instead of actually buying a new one, just have it checked first so you will know your options. You can actually have your phone fixed. You can buy parts online and watch or read tutorials. But one key thing that you have to understand is that repairing a mobile device requires some technical skills and lots of patience.

Sometimes, it is more cost-effective to bring your device to a trained professional rather than experiment with your device. You can save time, money and effort, and expect better results. Additionally, premium brands have limited one-year warranties. And if your device is accidentally damaged, it is highly likely that the warranty has already been voided. Simply put, if you bring your device to a third party shop, you do not have to worry about voiding the warranty because it already is.

And compared to service providers who will convince you to buy a new device, third party shops will try to do their best to repair your phone first before recommending to you to buy a new one. So you can really rely on their skills and knowledgeable before you are advised to buy a new mobile phone.

The cost of repairing your phone will depend on where you bring it as well as the damage your phone has. But if you consider the convenience and guaranteed results, in most circumstances, you are paying a small price to give your device a new lease on life. A lot of people underestimate the value of their devices. They forget the fact that when you sign a contract with a carrier, the carrier subsidizes the device. So if you think that phone repair cost is too pricey, know the real value of your phone first.

Lastly, there are On some third party repair shops have earned Dubious Which Reputations, However, there are On Also mobile repair shops , Majority of them actually, are On Provide honest and quality service to customers hwy.

Source by Jeff P Harden

Published in Tips by sima alaka.

How to Write Irresistible Promotional Pieces That Attract More and Better Clients

Whether you’re creating a sales letter, a brochure, a newsletter, or any other business promotional piece, you need to write in a way that not only explains your product or service, but that also compels your prospects to contact you. A well-written promotional piece entices people to seek out more information, whether it be via a phone call, an e-mail, or an in-person visit. A good promotional piece also showcases your professionalism and your creativity.

The key word to remember here is “entice.” Your promotional piece should not give every detail – that’s your sales department’s job. The promotional piece is merely the introduction.

Unfortunately, many promotional pieces miss the mark. Outrageous claims, weak calls to action, and sloppy formatting are the common mistakes that plague most people’s writing. Such errors accomplish only one thing: They destine your promotional piece for the infamous “round file.” They also show prospects that you’re lazy, uncreative, and possibly incapable of delivering quality work.

In order to entice prospects to contact you based on your promotional mailings, you need to keep your writing both lively and factual. The following guidelines will help you write promotional pieces that even your toughest prospects can’t resist.

1. Make it readable.

Only use white, off-white, or other soothing paper colors. If you think using outrageous paper colors, such as neon yellow or fuchsia, will gain attention, think again. Hurting someone’s eyes is not the way to gain attention. Also, be mindful of the font you choose. Sure, your computer comes with all sorts of innovative fonts, but this is not the time to try them out. Stick with a simple font, such as Time New Roman or Arial, in a 10, 11, or 12-point type. If you have to make your print tiny in order to squeeze everything in your allotted space, then you’re saying too much. As Shakespeare said, “Brevity is the soul of wit.” In the case of promotional writing, “Brevity is the showcase of your wits.”

2. Write a headline that gets to the point.

You have less than five seconds to impress your prospects to read on. And the first thing any prospect reads is the piece’s headline. So craft a compelling headline that immediately conveys why this information is important to your prospects. The four main headline formulas that work are:

o How To – The formula is “How to” + verb + product/service/noun + benefit.

Example: How to Create a Store Promotion that Increases Revenue

o New – The formula is “New” + product/service + benefit.

Example: New Tax Law Saves You Money

o Power Verb – The formula is “Power Verb” + product/service + benefit.

Example: Prepare a Business Plan that Boosts Company Profits

o Free – The formula is “Free” + product/service + benefit.

Example: Free Booklet Reveals the Secret to Lowering Your Interest Rate

Regardless of the headline formula you choose, avoid sounding like an infomercial or a used-car salesperson. Since your headline determines if the prospect keeps reading, craft yours wisely.

3. Keep the hype to a minimum.

Many people think that in order to solicit interest in their promotional piece they must write something outrageous. To some degree, this is true. Saying something outrageous is a great way to generate interest, as people naturally love controversy. Plus, if you can stir things up, you’ll get lots of exposure. The thing to remember, however, is that you must be prepared to answer questions and/or prove everything you write. So if you want to write something just for sensationalism but can’t back it up, don’t. You must be able to support everything you print.

4. Go easy on the posturing.

While you may produce the best products or offer the most unique services in the world, that is for your prospects to decide. Every superlative you use in your promotional piece will reduce the prospect’s trust in what you say. So instead of telling prospects that your product is “the most extraordinary widget to hit the market” or that your service is “capable of revolutionizing the industry,” show your prospects how these claims are possible. Give the benefits of using the product or service as they pertain to your prospects’ lives so they can determine just how extraordinary or revolutionary the product or service really is.

5. Evoke images.

As you write, evoke more than one of the five senses. Paint a picture with your words so prospects see, hear, smell, taste, and feel what you’re describing. Contrary to popular belief, the best promotional writers think in pictures, not words. They see the image they want to convey to their prospects, and that’s what they write. So if you’re a candy manufacturer or a florist, for example, write so that your readers smell the candy or the flowers, not just see what they look like. If you’re in the restaurant business, help your readers taste the food. If you’re writing about business productivity, help your prospects hear the hustle of productivity and feel the rush of a sales call. Do more than just tell prospects what’s going on.

6. Always make a compelling call to action.

What do you want the person reading your sales letter, brochure, or other promotional piece to do? Buy your product? Call you for more information? Visit your web site? Whatever action you want your prospects to take, state it clearly. Too many promotional pieces ramble on about all the features and benefits of the product, but they never tell the prospects to actually do anything. For example, in a sales letter you could write: “Please call our office immediately for more information on how we can help.” A brochure could say: “Order the widget at our special introductory price today.” In a newsletter you could write: “Visit our web site for more information about our new product line.” Tell prospects precisely what you want them to do.

7. Clearly state your contact information.

Always let prospects know whom to contact and how to do so. List a name, phone number, and e-mail address prominently on every piece. Rarely will prospects search for your contact information, so display it prominently at the top and bottom of every page. Highlight the contact information if it blends in with the text too much. Remember, the goal is for your prospects to contact you. Make it easy for them to do so.

Make Your Promotional Pieces Work for You

When your promotional pieces present your information in the most compelling and factual manner, your prospects will find them and your company irresistible. So as you write future sales letters, brochures, or other promotional pieces, keep these guidelines in mind. When you do, you’ll create a promotional piece that delights prospects and makes them eager to do business with you. With well-written promotional pieces, you will attract more and better clients to help your business grow.

Source by Dawn Josephson